Hyperhidrosis: causes of excessive sweating

cause hyperhidrosis


  • Types of excessive sweating
  • Causes of increased sweating of the whole body
  • If the cause of sweating is not established

Hyperhidrosis is an increased sweating … Why is it called a disease, moreover with such a tricky name? All people sweat from time to time: in hot weather, with heavy physical work, “on the carpet” from the authorities. Are there enough situations when a person can become sweaty or sweat a lot?

But there are such conditions when sweating occurs for no apparent reason. Or very little physical activity causes such a profuse sweat that you have to change clothes several times a day. And what kind of torment delivers people sweaty cold hands – even to imagine scary: these patients can not work properly (small things just slip out of hand), they hesitate to give a hand for a handshake. In severe stages, sweat literally drains from the palms of the hands.

Here we are dealing with a disease – hyperhidrosis. This word came from two Latin words: “hyper” (too much, too much) and “hydros” (water). Sometimes people suffer for years and do not know that the name of their suffering is hyperhidrosis. By the way, this disease in many cases is successfully treated, so that there is no sense to experience and close from the world. It is necessary to go to a specialist – first to a dermatologist (this is a doctor who treats skin diseases), and then, if necessary, to other doctors.

causes of hyperhidrosis

Types of excessive sweating

Hyperhidrosis has several classifications:

  • by severity: mild, moderate, severe;
  • localization: local (for example, axillary) and general, it is also called generalized, because the entire body sweats;
  • primary and secondary (increased sweating with secondary hyperhidrosis occurs against another, more severe disease).

hyperhidrosis tips

Causes of increased sweating of the whole body

In most cases, excessive sweating of a general type, when the whole body sweats evenly, accompanies some other disease. This can be an acute infection (we all know that if there is an infection with the flu or if there is inflammation of the lungs, there is excessive sweating). Generalized hyperhidrosis causes several dozens of diseases – these are just some of the reasons:

Diseases of the endocrine system (they are treated by an endocrinologist)

First, these are all conditions in which there is an increased function of the thyroid gland – Basedova’s disease (it is sometimes called goitre). The size of the thyroid gland increases, and the “goiter” grows on the front surface of the neck. This disease has many more manifestations – there is increased tearfulness, frequent changes of mood, worries heartbeat and general sweating.

Secondly, diabetes mellitus. In terms of hypertension, diabetes is not a typical disease. Sweats, mainly, the head, trunk, armpits and arms. At the same time, the legs, on the contrary, become too dry, the skin splits on the heels.

Thirdly, acromegaly. This disease, which happens if the body produces too much growth hormone. In adolescence, it has such manifestations: hyperhidrosis, proliferation of bones of hands, legs, facial cartilage. In another way this disease is called “gigantism”, because all the sizes of a person increase, its growth can reach 2 meters and higher.

Gigantism is considered an endocrine disease, because the root cause is the failure of the endocrine gland inside the brain. But, since most often this disorder is caused by a tumor of this gland (pituitary gland), then oncologists are engaged in treatment.

Female diseases often lead to increased sweating

Acute inflammatory diseases of the appendages often give rise to heat and hypertension.

Especially strongly hyperhidrosis torments women in menopause and during pregnancy. During menopause, the lack of female sex hormones in the blood causes many unpleasant sensations: hot flushes, bouts of general sweating. In some women, menopause is very difficult – with depression, mood swings and a strong sudden sweating, 10-20 times a day. At night they have to get up several times and change their bedding and underwear.

When pregnancy changes hormonal background also lead to excessive secretion of sweat. In some cases, this condition lasts throughout the pregnancy and remains during the period of breastfeeding. And only after six months or a year after this gradually passes itself, without treatment.

Tumors of female genital organs (uterus, ovaries) can also give rise to sweating. In such cases, of course, the tumor itself is treated, a woman is observed with an oncologist or with an oncologist and gynecologist. After successful treatment, sweating usually passes.

Any tumor disease can give hypertension

The main danger and insidiousness of the tumor process lies in the fact that it proceeds for the time being asymptomatically. And at the moment when it becomes noticeable or pain begins, it happens that time is lost and it’s too late to treat the patient. Therefore, we must always be wary of such manifestations as an incomprehensible regular increase in temperature and constant sweating.

These signs may be the only symptoms of a tumor that a person still does not know about. In such cases, it is necessary to conduct a complete examination of the body, donate blood and urine for analysis, make ultrasound of internal organs, check blood for tumor markers (they are also called onco-markers, these are substances in the blood that can be determined by laboratory methods and in the early stages determine cancer ).

The causes of most tumors are not yet known, but doctors have found that excessive sweating most often accompanies tumors of the lymphatic system, cancer of the rectum and tumor processes in the adrenal glands.

Hyperhidrosis in genetic diseases

There are several diseases caused by genetic malfunctions in the body. They are very rare, so few people know about them. This, for example, Riley-Dey’s disease. It is often inherited. The patient is worried about hyperhidrosis, lack of taste sensations, and insensitivity to all sorts of pain and emotional instability.

The diagnosis is put together with the genetic physicians, most of these patients are sick with one of the relatives.

Diseases of the heart as a cause of sweating

With heart diseases, namely with acute myocardial infarction, the whole body of the patient sweats. In addition to acute pain behind the sternum, which gives to the left arm, a sharp weakness, there is a strong sweating.

A sharp drop in blood pressure, which is called collapse, can also cause hyperhidrosis.

In all cases, when the causes of excessive sweating are known, and they lie in the pathology of the cardiovascular system, the underlying disease is treated. The doctor-cardiologist is engaged in it.

Nervous disorders as a cause of hyperhidrosis

Stress very often causes hyperhidrosis, sometimes it is even called the main one in the list of causes of this disease. Almost everyone in life had moments when the whole body was covered with sweat from fear or conversation in elevated tones. However, in most people this is a perfectly normal reaction, it ends when the source of stress disappears.

But in patients with hyperthorax the slightest excitement causes a profuse sweating. Therefore, such patients are often referred for treatment to a psychologist or psychotherapist to reduce anxiety.

hyperhidrosis causes and treatment

Abstinence syndrome or sweating after drinking

Not only does alcohol cause so-called “breakage” after stopping its intake. As you know, after the abolition of any drug (not only heroin, but even nicotine, which is now classed as narcotic substances), the organism experiences very unpleasant sensations.

This is well known to workers of drug treatment clinics. Take for example hangover after drinking. When a chemical substance (no matter what it was – vodka, wine or moonshine) ceases to enter the body, symptoms of “breaking” begin: muscle pain, insomnia, nervousness.

Hyperhidrosis in these cases can be so strong that the patient has to change clothes several times a day, it becomes absolutely wet. If at that moment a person starts drinking or taking drugs again, sweating is reduced, but at what cost … Therefore, doctors do everything so that the patient is able to endure all manifestations of “breaking” and did not return to the old way of life.

Acute poisoning causes excessive sweating

In large hospitals there are special departments, they are called toxicological ones. There are patients with acute poisoning. The causes of poisoning are different, but quite often these are organophosphorus compounds, in other words, insecticides that are poisoned by insects. Domestic poisoning is rare, but rural workers who directly contact these substances often go to hospitals with symptoms of acute poisoning.

One of the manifestations of such poisoning is a strong hyperhidrosis. In this case – this is not the most important sign, it complements the overall picture (rapid pulse, spasm of the eye muscles, lowering of arterial pressure, salivation, lacrimation, convulsions, headache).

Treatment is made after questioning the patient and blood and urine tests. After the disappearance of the main signs of poisoning sweating gradually comes back to normal.

If the cause of sweating is not established

Happens and so: the patient has passed or has taken place full inspection, has handed over all analyzes, has made US and a roentgen. In other words, he performed all the diagnostic measures, but the reason for excessive sweating was not found. Then the doctors talk about an “essential” hyperhidrosis, that is, arisen independently, and not as a sign of another disease.

Such a hyperhidrosis more often still happens to be local (axillary, palmar-plantar, facial). And they treat the patient specifically from this disease. There are many different methods used – from traditional medicine to complex surgical operations.

To everyone who sweats and increases significant inconvenience, we must remember that the hyperhidrosis is treated, and it is treated successfully, the methods are selected individually. So do not worry and be afraid of doctors, sign up for an appointment with a dermatologist, and together you will choose the appropriate course of treatment.

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