Cystitis: symptoms and treatment of the disease

acute cystitis

Content:

  • Causes of the disease
  • The main symptoms of hemorrhagic cystitis
  • Treatment of the disease

Hemorrhagic cystitis is a serious common disease of the genitourinary system, in which the mucous membrane of the bladder is inflamed, and in the urine there are impurities of blood.

This phenomenon is periodic, the blood in the urine then appears, then disappears. Symptoms result from the fact that under the influence of harmful bacteria, the mucous membrane begins to break down.
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Causes of the disease

Most common causes of hemorrhagic cystitis are as follows:

  • viral infections;
  • the passage of chemotherapy, especially in combination with chemical exposures;
  • frequent containment of urine, which causes the bladder to overflow, and its walls are stretched, thus, there is a violation of blood circulation;
  • mechanical obstructions to emptying the bladder, such as the presence of tumors and a narrow urethra;
  • foreign bodies in the lumen of the bladder;
  • the entry of harmful bacteria into the bladder as a result of non-observance of personal hygiene;
  • weakened immunity;
  • Diabetes mellitus;
  • Thyroid gland diseases.

treatment of acute cystitis with folk remedies

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The main symptoms of hemorrhagic cystitis

The main symptom of the disease is frequent urination (sometimes even every 15 minutes), accompanied by sharp pains. Acute hemorrhagic cystitis is characterized by high body temperature, chills and poor health. These symptoms may disappear within a week. But if you do not carry out treatment, then hemorrhagic cystitis can take a chronic form. In chronic form, each subsequent exacerbation of the disease will have less pronounced symptoms, but blood in the urine will always be present. The walls of the bladder will begin to overgrow with a connective tissue, and its functioning will deteriorate.
Thus, we can distinguish the following main symptoms of the disease:

  • increased body temperature at the onset of the disease;
  • chills, malaise, fever;
  • discomfort and pain in the lower abdomen;
  • frequent and painful urge to urinate;
  • presence of blood impurities in the urine;
  • the presence of leukocytes in the urine;
  • retention of urine as a result of thrombosis of the urethra.

treatment of acute hemorrhagic cystitis with antibiotics

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Treatment of the disease

An attack of hemorrhagic cystitis can occur as a result of hypothermia of the body, and most often people do not pay proper attention to the first symptoms, believing that the body will cope on its own. Usually on the second day there are already spotting. It is necessary to treat the disease, as otherwise it can lead to the development of infection in the kidneys.

Treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis should begin immediately, as the first symptoms appear, so that the disease does not have time to move into a severe form. Most often the disease is diagnosed with the help of ultrasound and X-ray studies, cystoscopy, urine and blood tests. Treatment should be done only by a doctor. Usually, if the cystitis does not take place in severe form, the placement of the patient in the hospital is not required. However, compliance with bed rest and diet is mandatory. From the diet should be excluded alcoholic beverages, spicy, sour, spicy, etc. Each case of the disease is individual. The attending physician, most likely, prescribes medicines, microclysters, warm baths. If the treatment is stationary, then the treatment procedure introduces the procedure for irrigation of the bladder with water or special solutions.

Proceeding from all this, the patient must:

  • adhere to bed rest;
  • observe the diet, namely, exclude from the diet acidic, smoked, spicy food and increase fluid intake;
  • Take medications prescribed by your doctor;
  • take drugs that strengthen the walls of blood vessels.

After curing of hemorrhagic cystitis, it is necessary to adhere to the basic rules of disease prevention in order to exclude the possibility of relapses. It is necessary to observe the rules of individual hygiene, avoid hypothermia and prevent inflammatory diseases. It is always worth remembering that prevention and timely treatment are the best ways to avoid complications.

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